Many Jews were forced out of their homeland by the conquering Assyrians about 2700 years ago and by the conquering Babylonians about 2600 years ago. But many later returned. The conquering Romans exiled many Jews about 1900 years ago, leading to a worldwide dispersion of Jews.
Below are some of the Bible prophecies that foretold that the people of Israel would be forced into exile.
God will never forget the children of Israel
The Jews would survive Babylonian rule and return home
The people of Israel will never be completely destroyed