Jewish history is unique in the extent to which its people have been exiled from their land and yet able to later return and re-establish their country. During ancient times, the Jews were forced to essentially relocate their center of life from Jerusalem to Babylon. But they had the ability to later restore Jersualem as their center of life, as well as the land of Israel as their home.
Below is a selection of Bible prophecies that predicted nationhood for the people of Israel.
1 Kings 11:29-33
The nation of Israel would become divided into two kingdoms
Abraham's descendants would have their own country
Jacob's descendants would inherit the land of Israel
The Jews would survive Babylonian rule and return home