Egypt

Situated along the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, bordered by Libya on the west and the Red Sea on the east. The southern boundry changed many times in different periods of history. The population of Egypt is centered around the Nile River and its delta. Egypt, throughout the Biblical period, was one of the great powers of the world.

It's rivals were mainly from Mesopotamia, which consisted of Assyria and Babylon. Photo of Cheops, Egypt - Copyright Andre Klaassen On various occasions the Egyptians invaded the land of Israel. But throuhout the Bibilical times the relationship between Israel and Egypt remained unique. Egypt played such a great part in Bible history that the name occurs more than 750 times in the Scriptures, and "Pharaoh" is mentioned over 200 times.

At one time Egypt was hostile to the Israelites and held them in bondage, until Moses led them across the Red Sea.

At other times Israel turned to Egypt when looking for a safe haven in a time of crises, or for food during a famine. Abraham, Jacob, Joseph, and Jacob's entire family all spent time in Egypt. Joseph became a great ruler in Egypt because of his wise counsel to the Pharaoh. But after Joseph died, a new Pharaoh who had not known Joseph, enslaved the Israelites, and after many years of suffering, God inspired Moses to lead the Israelites out of Egypt.

After the Exodus, Moses set up laws for the Israelites, and the Egyptians were given a favorble status as compared to other peoples: "You shall not abhor an Egyptian, because you were an alien in his land; the children of the third generation born to them may enter the congregation of the Lord" (Deut. 23:7-8).

After Israel was established the relations between Egypt and Israel fluctuated. For long periods they were friendly. King Solomom married a daughter of Pharaoh, who brought the town of Gezer as her dowry (1 Kings 9:16). But after Solomons son, Rehoboam, became Israel's king, the Egyptian ruler Shishak, attacked Rehoboam's southern kingdom and destroyed many cities there (1 Kings 14:25, 2 Chron. 12).

Years later the Persians conquered Egypt, followed by the Greeks and the Romans. The Jewish community, dating from the time of Jeremiah, prospered in Egypt and grew rapidly until it numbered 1,000,000 in the first century A.D. And it was here the Bible was first translated into Greek.

In the New testament, Egypt was once more a place of sanctuary. Joseph was told by an angel to "Arise, take the young Child and His mother, flee to Egypt and stay there until I bring you word" (Matt 2:13). Thus the infant Jesus escaped from the massacre of the innocents (Matt 2:16).

Egypt appears in 555 Bible verses: Gen 12:10, Gen 12:11, Gen 12:14, Gen 13:1, Gen 13:10, Gen 15:18, Gen 21:21, Gen 25:18, Gen 26:2, Gen 37:25, Gen 37:28, Gen 37:36, Gen 39:1, Gen 40:1, Gen 40:5, Gen 41:8, Gen 41:19, Gen 41:29, Gen 41:30, Gen 41:33, Gen 41:34, Gen 41:36, Gen 41:41, Gen 41:43, Gen 41:44, Gen 41:45, Gen 41:46, Gen 41:48, Gen 41:53, Gen 41:54, Gen 41:55, Gen 41:56, Gen 41:57, Gen 42:1, Gen 42:2, Gen 42:3, Gen 43:2, Gen 43:15, Gen 45:4, Gen 45:8, Gen 45:9, Gen 45:13, Gen 45:18, Gen 45:19, Gen 45:20, Gen 45:23, Gen 45:25, Gen 45:26, Gen 46:3, Gen 46:4, Gen 46:6, Gen 46:7, Gen 46:8, Gen 46:20, Gen 46:26, Gen 46:27, Gen 47:6, Gen 47:11, Gen 47:13, Gen 47:14, Gen 47:15, Gen 47:20, Gen 47:21, Gen 47:26, Gen 47:27, Gen 47:28, Gen 47:29, Gen 47:30, Gen 48:5, Gen 50:7, Gen 50:14, Gen 50:22, Gen 50:26, Ex 1:1, Ex 1:5, Ex 1:8, Ex 1:15, Ex 1:17, Ex 1:18, Ex 2:23, Ex 3:7, Ex 3:10, Ex 3:11, Ex 3:12, Ex 3:16, Ex 3:17, Ex 3:18, Ex 3:19, Ex 3:20, Ex 4:18, Ex 4:19, Ex 4:20, Ex 4:21, Ex 5:4, Ex 5:12, Ex 6:11, Ex 6:13, Ex 6:26, Ex 6:27, Ex 6:28, Ex 6:29, Ex 7:3, Ex 7:4, Ex 7:5, Ex 7:11, Ex 7:19, Ex 7:21, Ex 7:22, Ex 8:5, Ex 8:6, Ex 8:7, Ex 8:16, Ex 8:17, Ex 8:24, Ex 9:4, Ex 9:9, Ex 9:18, Ex 9:22, Ex 9:23, Ex 9:24, Ex 9:25, Ex 10:7, Ex 10:12, Ex 10:13, Ex 10:14, Ex 10:15, Ex 10:19, Ex 10:21, Ex 10:22, Ex 11:1, Ex 11:3, Ex 11:4, Ex 11:5, Ex 11:6, Ex 11:7, Ex 11:9, Ex 12:1, Ex 12:12, Ex 12:13, Ex 12:17, Ex 12:27, Ex 12:29, Ex 12:30, Ex 12:39, Ex 12:40, Ex 12:41, Ex 12:42, Ex 12:51, Ex 13:3, Ex 13:8, Ex 13:9, Ex 13:14, Ex 13:15, Ex 13:16, Ex 13:17, Ex 13:18, Ex 14:5, Ex 14:7, Ex 14:8, Ex 14:11, Ex 14:12, Ex 14:20, Ex 16:1, Ex 16:3, Ex 16:6, Ex 16:32, Ex 17:3, Ex 18:1, Ex 19:1, Ex 20:2, Ex 22:21, Ex 23:9, Ex 23:15, Ex 29:46, Ex 32:1, Ex 32:4, Ex 32:7, Ex 32:8, Ex 32:11, Ex 32:23, Ex 33:1, Ex 34:18, Lev 11:45, Lev 18:3, Lev 19:34, Lev 19:36, Lev 22:33, Lev 23:43, Lev 25:38, Lev 25:42, Lev 25:55, Lev 26:13, Lev 26:45, Num 1:1, Num 3:13, Num 8:17, Num 9:1, Num 11:5, Num 11:18, Num 11:20, Num 13:22, Num 14:2, Num 14:3, Num 14:4, Num 14:19, Num 14:22, Num 15:41, Num 20:5, Num 20:15, Num 20:16, Num 21:5, Num 22:5, Num 22:11, Num 23:22, Num 24:8, Num 26:4, Num 26:59, Num 32:11, Num 33:1, Num 33:38, Deut 1:27, Deut 1:30, Deut 4:20, Deut 4:34, Deut 4:37, Deut 4:45, Deut 4:46, Deut 5:6, Deut 5:15, Deut 6:12, Deut 6:21, Deut 6:22, Deut 7:8, Deut 7:15, Deut 7:18, Deut 8:14, Deut 9:7, Deut 9:12, Deut 9:26, Deut 10:19, Deut 10:22, Deut 11:3, Deut 11:4, Deut 11:10, Deut 13:5, Deut 13:10, Deut 15:15, Deut 16:1, Deut 16:3, Deut 16:6, Deut 16:12, Deut 17:16, Deut 20:1, Deut 23:4, Deut 24:9, Deut 24:18, Deut 24:22, Deut 25:17, Deut 26:5, Deut 26:8, Deut 28:27, Deut 28:60, Deut 28:68, Deut 29:2, Deut 29:16, Deut 29:25, Deut 34:11, Josh 2:10, Josh 5:4, Josh 5:5, Josh 5:6, Josh 5:9, Josh 9:9, Josh 13:3, Josh 24:4, Josh 24:5, Josh 24:6, Josh 24:7, Josh 24:14, Josh 24:17, Josh 24:32, Judg 2:1, Judg 2:12, Judg 6:8, Judg 6:13, Judg 11:13, Judg 11:16, Judg 19:30, 1 Sam 2:27, 1 Sam 8:8, 1 Sam 10:18, 1 Sam 12:6, 1 Sam 12:8, 1 Sam 15:2, 1 Sam 15:6, 1 Sam 15:7, 1 Sam 27:8, 1 Sam 30:13, 2 Sam 7:6, 2 Sam 7:23, 1 Kgs 3:1, 1 Kgs 4:21, 1 Kgs 4:30, 1 Kgs 6:1, 1 Kgs 8:9, 1 Kgs 8:16, 1 Kgs 8:21, 1 Kgs 8:51, 1 Kgs 8:53, 1 Kgs 8:65, 1 Kgs 9:9, 1 Kgs 9:16, 1 Kgs 10:28, 1 Kgs 10:29, 1 Kgs 11:17, 1 Kgs 11:18, 1 Kgs 11:21, 1 Kgs 11:40, 1 Kgs 12:2, 1 Kgs 12:28, 1 Kgs 14:25, 2 Kgs 7:6, 2 Kgs 17:4, 2 Kgs 17:7, 2 Kgs 17:36, 2 Kgs 18:21, 2 Kgs 18:24, 2 Kgs 19:24, 2 Kgs 21:15, 2 Kgs 23:29, 2 Kgs 23:34, 2 Kgs 24:7, 2 Kgs 25:26, 1 Chr 13:5, 1 Chr 17:21, 2 Chr 1:16, 2 Chr 1:17, 2 Chr 5:10, 2 Chr 6:5, 2 Chr 7:22, 2 Chr 9:26, 2 Chr 9:28, 2 Chr 10:2, 2 Chr 12:2, 2 Chr 12:3, 2 Chr 12:9, 2 Chr 20:10, 2 Chr 26:8, 2 Chr 35:20, 2 Chr 36:3, 2 Chr 36:4, Neh 9:9, Neh 9:17, Neh 9:18, Ps 68:31, Ps 78:12, Ps 78:43, Ps 78:51, Ps 80:8, Ps 81:5, Ps 81:10, Ps 105:23, Ps 105:38, Ps 106:7, Ps 106:21, Ps 114:1, Ps 135:8, Ps 135:9, Ps 136:10, Isa 7:18, Isa 10:26, Isa 11:11, Isa 11:16, Isa 19:1, Isa 19:12, Isa 19:13, Isa 19:14, Isa 19:15, Isa 19:18, Isa 19:19, Isa 19:20, Isa 19:22, Isa 19:23, Isa 19:24, Isa 19:25, Isa 20:3, Isa 20:4, Isa 20:5, Isa 23:5, Isa 27:13, Isa 30:2, Isa 30:3, Isa 31:1, Isa 36:6, Isa 36:9, Isa 37:25, Isa 43:3, Isa 45:14, Isa 52:4, Jer 2:6, Jer 2:18, Jer 2:36, Jer 7:22, Jer 7:25, Jer 9:26, Jer 11:4, Jer 11:7, Jer 16:14, Jer 23:7, Jer 24:8, Jer 25:19, Jer 26:21, Jer 26:22, Jer 26:23, Jer 31:32, Jer 32:20, Jer 32:21, Jer 34:13, Jer 37:5, Jer 37:7, Jer 41:17, Jer 42:14, Jer 42:15, Jer 42:16, Jer 42:17, Jer 42:18, Jer 42:19, Jer 43:2, Jer 43:7, Jer 43:11, Jer 43:12, Jer 43:13, Jer 44:1, Jer 44:8, Jer 44:12, Jer 44:13, Jer 44:14, Jer 44:15, Jer 44:24, Jer 44:26, Jer 44:27, Jer 44:28, Jer 44:30, Jer 46:2, Jer 46:8, Jer 46:11, Jer 46:13, Jer 46:14, Jer 46:17, Jer 46:19, Jer 46:20, Jer 46:24, Jer 46:25, Jer 46:26, Lam 5:6, Ezek 17:15, Ezek 19:4, Ezek 20:5, Ezek 20:6, Ezek 20:7, Ezek 20:8, Ezek 20:9, Ezek 20:10, Ezek 20:36, Ezek 23:3, Ezek 23:8, Ezek 23:19, Ezek 23:27, Ezek 27:7, Ezek 29:2, Ezek 29:3, Ezek 29:6, Ezek 29:9, Ezek 29:10, Ezek 29:12, Ezek 29:14, Ezek 29:19, Ezek 29:20, Ezek 30:4, Ezek 30:6, Ezek 30:8, Ezek 30:10, Ezek 30:11, Ezek 30:13, Ezek 30:15, Ezek 30:16, Ezek 30:18, Ezek 30:19, Ezek 30:21, Ezek 30:22, Ezek 30:25, Ezek 31:2, Ezek 32:2, Ezek 32:12, Ezek 32:15, Ezek 32:16, Ezek 32:18, Ezek 32:20, Dan 9:15, Dan 11:8, Dan 11:42, Dan 11:43, Hos 2:15, Hos 7:11, Hos 7:16, Hos 8:13, Hos 9:3, Hos 9:6, Hos 11:1, Hos 11:5, Hos 11:11, Hos 12:1, Hos 12:9, Hos 12:13, Hos 13:4, Joel 3:19, Amos 2:10, Amos 3:1, Amos 3:9, Amos 4:10, Amos 8:8, Amos 9:5, Amos 9:7, Mic 6:4, Mic 7:12, Mic 7:15, Nahum 3:9, Hag 2:5, Zech 10:10, Zech 10:11, Zech 14:18, Zech 14:19, Matt 2:13, Matt 2:14, Matt 2:15, Matt 2:19, Acts 2:10, Acts 7:9, Acts 7:10, Acts 7:11, Acts 7:12, Acts 7:15, Acts 7:17, Acts 7:18, Acts 7:34, Acts 7:36, Acts 7:39, Acts 7:40, Acts 13:17, Heb 3:16, Heb 8:9, Heb 11:26, Heb 11:27, Jude 1:5 and Rev 11:8.

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